James Bay Northern Quebec Agreement

The following year, the Quebec government negotiated the necessary agreement. On November 15, 1974 – exactly one year after the Supreme Court`s decision – an agreement in principle was signed between the governments of Canada, Quebec, Hydro-Québec`s public property, the Grand Council of Crees, led by Billy Diamond and the Inuit Association of Northern Quebec. [1] The final agreement – the James Bay And Northern Quebec Agreement – was signed on November 11, 1975. This agreement initially extended only to the claims of Quebec Cree and the Inuit; On January 31, 1978, the Naskapi of Quebec signed a parallel agreement – the Northeast Quebec Agreement – and joined the institutions created under the 1975 Agreement. The agreement on the administration of justice between the Governorate of Quebec and the Grand Council of Crees (Eeyou Istchee) and the government of cree Nation (“Judicial Agreement”) was signed on May 30, 2007. As part of the justice agreement, the parties presented their agreement on the resolution of quebec and section 18 of the JBNQA. On March 24, 2010, the governments of Quebec and Canada and the Inuit renewed a tripartite housing agreement in Nunavik. This new 5-year agreement will allow the construction of some 340 social housing units in Nunavik. As outlined in this agreement, the Government of Canada will finance the construction of housing units, while the Quebec government will assume the operating deficit over a 15-year period. Makivik Corporation will be the main contractor for building construction and the Kativik Municipal Housing Bureau will be owner and manager. In 2008-09, INAC contributed a total of $13,802,900 to Makivik Corporation and $14,221,000 in 2009-10. Chapter 4 of the federal RNA provides that, for a period of 20 years, the Cree Nation Government will assume, with the resources provided by the Federal NRA, Canada`s powers vis-à-vis the Cree Nation and the Crees, in accordance with various provisions of the JBNQA, including Section 18 on the Administration of Justice (Crees), except for the appointment of justices of the peace. , changes in legislation and the detention of Crees.

In other words, for the duration of the federal NRA, Canada continues to cover the costs associated with Crees, which are now or in the future detained in the federal detention system. Dispute resolution mechanisms are included in the two implementation agreements with Naskapi and the Inuit (NEQA and JBNQA) and in the New Relationship Agreement with cree. Parties may use dispute resolution mechanisms to resolve or as stated issues relating to the interpretation, management or implementation of the JBNQA and NEQA. These mechanisms are usually initiated by a two- or three-part consultation phase. If a satisfactory solution is not found for all parties to the dispute, a mediation procedure and a possible arbitration procedure will follow in the initial phase. The JBNQA and related agreements, legislation and undertakings provide the Cree Nation and the cree people of Eeyou Istchee with a wide range of powers, rights and benefits in various areas, including land and resource use planning and management, justice management, policing, the environment and social protection. , harvesting, economic and social development, education, local authorities and health and social protection services.